Romans 2:6 – ὅς ἀποδώσει ἑκάστῳ κατὰ τὰ ἔργα αὐτοῦ·
Romans 2:6 – who will repay each one according to his work:
Commentary and devotion – Judgment is Coming
There is a day of God’s wrath and righteous judgment. This is when God will repay everyone according to their works. ἀποδώσει is the future of ἀποδίδωμι, which combines two words: δίδωμι means give. ἀπο is a prepositional word meaning from. Together, the word means give from or pay, repay, or render. Let’s be honest, do you really want God to repay you according to your works? Who would?
ἑκάστῳ is in the dative form and means to each. The emphasis is on the individual. This is in line with the Law of Moses, which states that a child will not be responsible for his father’s sin but rather each one is accountable for themselves and their actions. There is a sense also that each judgment will be in reference to a standard outside of others – i.e. no one is judged based on someone else’s performance or someone else’s lack of performance.
In fact, κατὰ, meaning according to, gives the reference point of judgment. It’s a ratio preposition. In the same manner one thing happens, the second thing will happen. The judgment is according to one’s work or actions. Even in this, though, we see God obviously holds a standard by which our works are measured. We’ll see that standard in the next two verses.
Until then, though, find relief in the fact that Jesus performed for you. May this be a day of thanksgiving.
But now a righteousness from God, apart from the law, has been made known… –Romans 3:21
ὅς – who
ἀποδώσει – will give, give back, pay, render, repay, reward (3rd person singular future active indicative of ἀποδίδωμι)
ἑκάστῳ - each
κατὰ - according to
τὰ - the
ἔργα – work
αὐτοῦ - his